本週，遭投诉涉嫌多宗性骚扰的骨科医生被停职两个月以展开进一步调查。 与此同时，陪同副部长进行眼睛检验的助手，已因性骚扰验光师而在上週遭革职。 这些案件皆引起公众的广泛关注，惟这些仅是众多性骚扰案件中的冰山一角；在投保的案件中，依然有许多案件没有投保。 当问责机制薄弱之时，施暴者将胆大妄为地滥用权力，并肆无忌惮地进行骚扰。 我们现有的性骚扰法律框架存有严重的缺陷，无法全面防范性骚扰行为。因此，我们必须製定性骚扰法令。 目前我们制定了“预防和消除工作场所性骚扰守则”，为雇主提供内部处理性骚扰案件的指南。然而该守则属自愿性质，允许雇主选择遵从与否。 与此同时我们还有“公共领域职场性骚扰处理指南”，惟这仅是指南且仅涵盖公务员。 目前的雇用法令授权让雇主调查性骚扰投诉，惟一旦雇主认为该起性骚扰案件属于“轻浮、无理取闹或意带不善”，雇主可以选择不调查。这导致这些案件极依赖雇主的意愿，从中可见权力不平衡的问题。 更甚的是，雇用法令并没有概述调查前后，幸存者应有的权力、补救措施及应得的保护；该法令仅仅要求雇主就投诉进行调查而已。另外，此雇用法令并未涵盖沙巴与砂拉越。 2016年，联邦法院在涉及两名朝圣基金局员工的性骚扰案件中做出先例性判决，允许性骚扰侵权行为可获赔偿，意味着受害者可以起诉性骚扰者并获得赔偿。然而民事诉讼需缴付昂贵的费用且审讯时间冗长。另外，案件也将公开审讯，这将对幸存者的身份保密带来伤害。 现有法律框架的不足显示大马需要制定一个性骚扰法令，其中必须包括以下的一些规定： 首先，性骚扰的定义必须涵盖所有性骚扰的形式，包括口头、视觉、手势、身体和心理上的骚扰。 其次，性骚扰法令不仅要涵盖工作场所，也必须包括其他如教育机构、公共场所等其他地方，同时也必须涵盖沙巴和砂拉越。 第三，性骚扰法令必须拥有完整机制，如独立的审查机制，让幸存者能尽快且低花费和不公开地进行司法程序。此外，该法令必须要求各个机构实施性骚扰政策。 为遭受性骚扰者提供强而有力的法律保护非常重要，因这可传达性骚扰是不可被接受的行为。…
From 25th November to 10th December, the KLCC PUTRA LRT stations became an active platform for musicians, actors and performers to vocalise their stand against gender-based violence through their art.
Posters with the following messages bedecked PUTRA & STAR LRT line trains and stations throughout the 16 days in resonance with this public education campaign:
§ “Plunging Rock Bottom from Violence? – Musical Expressions Against Gender Violence. Call Women’s Aid Organisation to lend your support”
§ “Violence Shattering Your Soul?” – Musical Expressions Against Gender Violence. Call Women’s Aid Organisation to lend your support”
§ “Hit by the Blues?” – Musical Expressions Against Gender Violence. Call Women’s Aid Organisation to lend your support”
Joining the global campaign, Women’s Aid Organisation (WAO) in collaboration with Syarikat Prasarana Negara Bhd. (formerly PUTRA & STAR LRT) and Levi Strauss (M) Sdn Bhd brings the language of music this year to reach out to the public on violence against women.
Violence against women is a real threat that women and girls face all over the world today. It cuts across lines of race, religion, income, class and culture. Embedded so deeply in all cultures, millions of women consider it a way of life. In 2001, there were 246 reported cases of incest, 3107 reported cases of domestic violence and 1386 reported cases of rape (source: Royal Police Malaysia, Bukit Aman). Even then, the dynamics surrounding violence against women make it one of the most underreported forms of crime. In example, studies have shown that for every rape that is reported, nine goes unreported. It is pervasive in every community, and WAO is urging all members of the society to take action and make a positive difference in eliminating violence against women.
Continuing from last year’s campaign theme, “Don’t Turn Your Back on Violence”, the breadth of voices that speak out against gender-based violence is extended this year to include the voices of street musicians and performers. Borne out of the idea of busking, music and art is given a platform to engage members of the public and the community on the issue of violence against women.
Performers were at the KLCC PUTRA LRT stations from 12.00pm to 2.00pm everyday from 25th November to 10th December making their stand; while WAO volunteers handed out informational brochures and interacted with the public on violence against women.
Violence against women is unacceptable is any community. Add your voice to the musical expressions against gender violence.
SUPPORTERS OF THE CAMPAIGN
This is the second campaign with the support of PUTRA LRT (now Syarikat Prasarana Negara Berhad), and the LRT stations have been an ideal platform to reach out to the masses from all walks of life with the myriad of commuters that use this form of public transportation daily. Sponsoring 20 advertisement panels in the trains, notice board space at the STAR & PUTRA line LRT stations, as well as the venue and infrastructure for this year’s distinctive campaign, Syarikat Prasarana Negara Berhad’s assistance has been instrumental in giving the 16 Days visibility and access.
Levi Strauss (M) Sdn. Bhd. is also our partner for the second year, with their generous sponsorship of the campaign’s public education materials. This includes the production of the campaign’s “Rock, Soul & Blues” posters and T-shirts.
OgilvyOne Worldwide conceptualised the theme of this year’s campaign and designed the posters. This is also the second campaign that they have extended their expertise in the area of creative thought in mass education to vociferate the language of violence against women.
As an artiste, Ferhad has always been dedicated to lending his distinctive blend of music to issues that affect the community. With our collaboration with him to bring visibility to the issue, it sends out the message that everyone can play an important role in ending gender-based violence in a multitude of ways.
The hosts of 3R are no stranger to WAO and our work. Through consistent mutual support, we have found 3R to be a key ally in bringing the issue of violence against women and women’s rights to Malaysia’s young minds.
WAO is grateful and proud to have such strong and committed partners in support of this important public education campaign, and extends our greatest appreciation for all their assistance.
WHY 16 DAYS?
The 16 Days of Activism is an international campaign which developed from the First Women’s Global Leadership Institute in 1991 in the USA. Participants of the Institute chose the dates in order to symbolically link violence against women with human rights.
The 16 days highlights four significant dates:
25th November commemorates the anniversary of the murder of the Mirabal sisters who were brutally murdered by the Trujillo dictatorship in the Dominican Republic in 1960. Since 1999, it has been recognised by the United Nations officially as the International Day for the Elimination of Violence Against Women.
1st December is World AIDS Day to mark the global effort to face the challenges of the AIDS pandemic. Furthermore, the link between violence against women and their vulnerability to HIV infection is indisputable.
6th December marks the Montreal Massacre where a gunman who hated feminists shot fourteen young female engineering students dead at Montreal University in Canada in 1989. He ordered all the men to leave before opening fire, and then he shouted, “You are all feminists and I hate feminists!”
10th December is International Human Rights Day, which celebrates the anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, proclaimed in 1948. All governments acknowledged that everyone is entitled to all rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration without distinction of any kind such as race, colour, sex…”
To find out more about the event, log onto: Global Center of Women’s Leadership
PAST EVENTS FOR THE 16 DAYS CAMPAIGN BY WAO:
In Malaysia, Women’s Aid Organisation has organised public education series with the media to be part of the 16 Days of Activism:
- In 1998, WAO worked with The Star to produce a 16 Days series on Violence Against Women.
- In 1999, WAO worked with ERA radio with public announcements on Violence Against Women.
- In 2000, WAO worked with Sin Chew Jit Poh to highlight International Day Against Violence Against Women with a 5-day series. WAO also produced its own 16 day series on the WAO website.
- In 2001, the theme was “Do Not Turn Your Back on Violence” involving distribution of helpline cards at PUTRA LRT stations. These helpline cards were also distributed at Levi Strauss outlets.