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We must improve maternal, sexual, and reproductive health rights in Malaysia

We must improve maternal, sexual, and reproductive health rights in Malaysia

On International Women’s Day 2022, we jointly call for progressive steps to improve maternal, sexual, and reproductive health of women for all residents of Malaysia. Women’s health is a prime global focus, reflected by United Nations Sustainable Development Goals 3 (Good Health & Well-being) and 5 (Gender Equality). 

Despite recent gains in Malaysia, we must do more to ensure that all women in Malaysia will receive fair care and treatment. We call for the government, especially the Ministries of Women, Family, and Community Development (MWFCD), Health (MOH), and Education (MOE) to: 


  1. Embed maternal, sexual, and reproductive health metrics into Malaysia’s public agenda and international commitments.

Metrics for maternal, sexual and reproductive health include the maternal mortality rate (MMR), rate of teenage pregnancies and percentage of women able to access safe contraception. These metrics should not be hidden in statistics or obscure reports. These metrics are not taboo, shameful or stigmatizing. Instead, these statistics should be front-and-centre in Malaysia’s public agenda and international commitments through international treaties, conventions and declarations. When these metrics are front-and-centre, progress will happen, like how Malaysia’s MMR dropped from 280/100,000 (1957) to 25/100,000 (2018) partly due to our international commitments. However, while we call for health issues to become political priorities, we urge all stakeholders to address implementation gaps at the same time.

  • Reframe women’s health issues as public health issues, not as women’s issues. 

Women makes up half the total population of Malaysia. Therefore, women’s health is public health. The goal of public health is to improve health outcomes of populations. Here, we must ensure easy access to information, screening services, self-education, and self-management tools to improve women’s sexual and reproductive health. This can be achieved through synergistic collaboration between the MWFCD, MOH and other relevant stakeholders. Moreover, effective data collection on maternal, sexual, and reproductive health must be implemented and included in Malaysia’s public health analysis. This includes mainstreaming gender into the national budget, and monitoring allocations directed to women’s health services, sexual and reproductive health services and services for survivors of gender-based violence. Importantly, a clear and consistent strategy must be implemented to increase the effectiveness and accessibility of services for survivors of gender-based violence through One-Stop Crisis Centres (OSCCs).


  1. Strengthen the primary healthcare response to gender-based violence and domestic violence.

The prevalence of domestic violence within a public primary healthcare clinic vastly exceeds that its prevalence in Peninsular Malaysia (22% versus 9%), as revealed by a Universiti Malaya study in 2019. Yet, a systematic response to domestic violence remains sorely absent at the primary care level. Survivors who seek help from Klinik Kesihatan do not receive adequate support as healthcare providers are not well-equipped to identify signs of abuse or offer first-line support, while referral pathways to other resources remain unclear. Therefore, we must improve the primary healthcare infrastructure in Malaysia through the 2000-plus Klinik Kesihatan, to enable victims of gender-based violence and domestic violence to receive the support and interventions that they need. 


  1. Implement laws to ensure that every woman has a right to health.

There is no dedicated or universal law on women’s health in Malaysia. Therefore, it is crucial to pass new laws to protect the health rights of all women in Malaysia, and to support these laws by appropriately strengthening our health system. In specific terms, this means that all women should have access to healthcare, without any physical, cultural, religious, emotional or financial barriers. This requires a multi-stakeholder approach led by the MWFCD and MOH working together with Ministries of Human Resources, Trade, Religious Affairs and Education. 


The lack of access to adequate maternal, sexual, and reproductive health services is a global issue, and Malaysia is not spared. This issue is more pronounced in certain populations such as adolescents, unmarried women, documented and undocumented migrants, refugees, stateless people, women living with HIV, women with disabilities, and LGBTQ+ groups. Healthcare must not condone discrimination. Regardless of circumstance, every person must receive fair and non-judgemental medical treatment. Women’s rights are not only basic human rights, but a global public health issue. 




Coordinated by:

  • Malaysian Health Coalition (MHC)
  1. Obstetrical and Gynaecological Society of Malaysia (OGSM) 
  2. Women’s Aid Organisation (WAO) 
  3. Dr Ivanna Sim and Aizat Ahmad Zaini (MHC). Isabel Chung and Rusni Tajari (WAO)


Signed by:

  1. Academy of Medicine Malaysia
  2. All Women’s Action Society (AWAM)
  3. Association of Malaysian Optometrists
  4. Association of Women Lawyers
  5. Boleh Space
  6. Centre for Independent Journalism (CIJ)
  7. College of Physicians
  8. College of Surgeons Academy of Medicine of Malaysia
  9. Dermatology Society of Malaysia
  10. Justice for Sisters
  11. Lung Cancer Network of Malaysia
  12. Malaysian Association of Environmental Health
  13. Malaysian Medical Association 
  14. Malaysian Nurses Association
  15. Malaysian Paediatric Association
  16. Malaysian Pharmacists Society
  17. Malaysian Sign Language and Deaf Studies Association (MyBIM)
  18. Malaysian Society of Anaesthesiologists
  19. Malaysian Society of Clinical Psychology
  20. Malaysian Thoracic Society
  21. Medical Practitioners Coalition Association of Malaysia 
  22. Our Journey
  23. Perinatal Society of Malaysia
  24. Persatuan Sahabat Wanita Selangor
  25. Pink&Teal EmpowHer
  26. Protect and Save the Children
  27. Public Health Malaysia
  28. Reproductive Health Association of Kelantan (ReHAK) 
  29. Reproductive Rights Advocacy Alliance Malaysia (RRAAM)
  30. Sarawak AIDS Concern Society
  31. Sarawak Women for Women Society
  32. SEED Malaysia
  33. Sisters in Islam (SIS)
  34. SIUMAN (Rangkaian Solidariti Demokratik Pesakit Mental)
  35. Society for Equality, Respect And Trust for All Sabah (SERATA)
  36. Soroptimist International Club of Petaling Jaya SIPJ
  37. SPOT Community Project
  38. Assoc Prof Dr Uma Devi Palanisamy
  39. Dato’ Dr Jahizah Hassan
  40. Dato’ Dr Amar Singh-HSS
  41. Dr Khor Swee Kheng
  42. Prof Dr Roslina Abdul Manap
  43. Prof Dr Sharifa Ezat Wan Puteh
  44. Prof Dr Zaleha Abdullah Mahdy


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